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Archive for the ‘United Farmers of Alberta’ Category

“Difficult Subjects“ discusses Eugenics and the Firewall

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Here is the link to “Difficult Subjects”, written by Samantha Power, of VUE Weekly in Edmonton, Alberta Canada.
Eugenics and the Firewall is featured in this article: The difficult subject is Alberta’s Eugenics Scandal. We’re good Canadians here. 

We don`t think it`s ‘good manners’ to talk about the skeletons in our closets. But we need to, sometimes, in order not to repeat our mistakes. That’s why I wrote Eugenics and the Firewall: Canada’s Nasty Little Secret. Samantha Power does a good job with this article, and a good job of explaining why I wrote Eugenics and the Firewall.

Link to ArtsBridge article (no need to click icons)

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Here`s the direct link to my interview in ArtBridge. (I was interviewed by about Eugenics and Firewall by Ashley Markus) https://janeharriszsovan.files.wordpress.com/2011/03/jhz-artsbridge-interview.pdf.

“Shining Light on Alberta’s Past” out in ArtsBridge

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Spring/Summer 2011 ArtsBridge is out. Ashley Markus interviewed me about Eugenics and the Firewall: Canada’s Nasty Little Secret. Read it here: JHZ artsbridge interview. (Click on the link. Then click on the icon. Article will appear.)

Setting Up Spring Signings

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cHAPTERS SIGNING POSTER amendedI’ll be signing copies of Eugenics and the Firewall: Canada’s Nasty Little Secret, 12 MARCH 2011 at Chapters in Lethbridge. (That’s a Saturday.)  More details on this and other spring events to come….

The Right, Half-truths and Canadian Media

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Yep, the things that bother me  most about much of the right in Canada are the same thing that bothers me about many on the left: telling half the story in order to score political points.

A friend emailed me this column by <a href=”http://www.theinterim.com/columnist/the-barbaric-vision-of-progressive-heroes/”>Michael Coren</a>, a man esteemed in Canada’s Conservative and Christian intellectual circles. Judging by his CV, Coren is a smart man, but if “The Barbaric Vision of Progressive Heroes” is any indication, it appears  Coren only knows part of Canada’s eugenics story.(The part his Socred, turned PC, turned Reform, turned Tory/WRA — or whatever they’re calling themselves this week– buddies from Alberta aren’t afraid to hear guys like Coren talking about.)

It’s the part he thinks the ‘progressives’ were responsible for. An aside, Coren might be surprised to know just what progressive meant to early 20th century prairie populists. Ernest Manning, whom most conservative types from Toronto think was one of them,considered himself proudly progressive as well as conservative. As did and do most prairie folk.
But in Coren’s discussion, progressive appears to mean left-wing, socialist, or a member of the ‘godless’ CCF. (By the way, the father of the CCF Tommy Douglas, Preacher and Premier of Saskatchewan, was a social conservative, fire and brimstone Baptist just like Premier of Alberta and radio pastor, Ernest Manning and his mentor, William Aberhart were.)
But why does Coren’s discussion of Canadian eugenics omit the worst forced sterilization scandal in the British Empire (Commonwealth), the one in which nearly 3000 Albertans were sterilized at the hands of the provincial eugenics board? (Another 1900 were ordered sterilized, but escaped the knife.) Vulnerable Albertans were also lied to, beaten, used a cheap domestic labour, and made guinea pigs.
He references Douglas’s university paper, “The Problems of the Sub-Normal Family,” in which Douglas appears to favour legalization of sterilization for ‘sub-normals’ as a means to remedy illegitimacy and poverty.  (Douglas’s paper is vague and leaves quite a few logical gaps. He’s not clear whether this sterilization is to be voluntary or forced or if it is to apply to adults who already have children.) But Coren fails to acknowledge that, when Douglas became Premier of Saskatchewan, he never set up a provincial eugenics board. Douglas’s support for eugenic sterilization was scared out of him during a 1936 trip to Europe. (One look at the rising NAZI tide convinced Douglas that a great evil was loose and that NAZI eugenics would lead to mass murder. He was right and he never forgot the lesson.)
But, as Douglas had his epiphany about NAZI eugenics, Alberta’s Social Credit regime, led by William Aberhart, was hell-bent on ramping up its eugenic sterilization factory  by weakening and/or removing consent provisions in the <span style=”font-style:italic;”>1928 Sexual Sterilization Act</span> (brought in by the former UFA government.) Aberhart’s Socreds — and many of their constituents — were frustrated by the low numbers of defectives who were sterilized under the UFA legislation.
After Premier Aberhart died suddenly, his protege, Ernest Manning, became premier. Contrary to a lot of right wing political revisionism, Ernest Manning remained Aberhart’s disciple throughout his life. At his December 1968 retirement from the premiership,   Ernest Manning, declared that William Aberhart was ahead of his time and ‘one of the greatest men this country ever produced.’
Premier Manning held fast to the Socred’s revamped eugenics legislation. Critics of the eugenics board were ignored –or sued.  The province’s travelling, and virtually unaccountable, appointed eugenics board violated even the weak protections within the law; and the Manning government clung to the <span style=”font-style:italic;”>Sexual Sterilization Ac</span>t years after medical and mental health professionals (albeit belatedly) denounced the ‘science’ behind eugenic sterilization in Alberta.
When I wrote <span style=”font-style:italic;”>Eugenics and the Firewall: Canada’s Nasty Little Secre</span>t, I hoped Mr. Coren and his colleagues in the Christian and right wing media would start talking about Alberta’s UFA/Socred links to forced sterilization.
So far, no luck. Maybe the Manning legacy is too dear to Canadian evangelicals and the right wing, but surely, telling  half the story does a disservice to Conservatism, Canada and Christianity. Doesn’t it?

The Winnipeg Review

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Eugenics and the Firewall: Canada’s Nasty Little Secret appeared in the Winnipeg Review yesterday, 17 January 2011.

More coverage in the Media (Winnipeg Free Press)

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Eugenics and the Firewall: Canada’s Nasty Little Secret was reviewed in the Winnipeg Free Press 31 December 2010.

I enjoyed reading Ian Stewart’s article about my book. Eugenics and the Firewall:Canada’s Nasty Little Secret.But I should clarify a couple of things:

In 1921, the United Farmers of Alberta — a populist party that claimed to have no platform and to be non-partisan — were elected as the Government of Alberta. (They defeated the Alberta’s first political dynasty, the Liberals.) In 1928, the UFA government brought in a Sexual Sterilization Act to allow sterilization, by consent, of patients leaving mental hospitals.

The surprise election of the William Aberhart and his Socred followers, in 1935, that led to the weakening of consent provisions  in the Sexual Sterilization Act (eliminating the need for consent for several classes of Albertans) and allowed the Eugenics Board to travel the province seeking defectives in every nook and cranny. (Complaints about the eugenics board, foster care system, or social services were viewed with distain by the governing Social Credit MLAs. In fact, at one point, the Manning Government sued the IODE for publishing complaints about Alberta Social Services.)

The Social Credit led Government of Alberta allowed the Eugenics Board to break even the weak provisions and restrictions they left in their revamped Sexual Sterilization Act.

Both the Socreds and UFA governments claimed to be populist and progressive. Eugenics was considered a ‘progessive doctrine’ in the early 20th century.

2,822 Albertans were sterilized between 1928 and 1972, when the newly elected Progressive Conservatives, led by Peter Lougheed, rescinded the Sexual Sterlization Act. Another 1900 Albertans were approved for sterilization, but escaped the knife. Nobody’s quite sure where they went.

Written by janeharris(harris-zsovan)

January 9, 2011 at 12:41 am